The gums may experience deterioration over the years, especially if infection is or has been present in any part of the mouth. Gum disease is the leading cause of tissue degeneration and may lead to tooth loss, gum recession, and poor oral health.
The best way to revive the health and structure of your gums is through oral regenerative procedures. At Dental Arts of South Jersey, we provide various regenerative procedures to help you achieve a beautiful, healthy, and confident smile.
You will need a regenerative procedure if you experience any of the following:
Regenerative procedures are often done as part of a treatment program (dental implantation, gum disease treatment, smile makeover) and the type of regenerative procedure will depend on the exact treatment program you’re undergoing.
There are four different regenerative procedures offered at the Dental Arts of South Jersey, namely:
Bone grafting is done prior to dental implantation. If your jawbone is not thick enough to hold the length of a dental implant, you will need bone regeneration to increase the mass of the jaw bone. This is a major dental procedure which requires sedation anesthesia.
The bone that will be added to your jaw may either be from a bone bank or your own body. The gums will be pulled away and the exposed bone will be cut open to create a hole where the graft will be packed in tightly. The gums will be stitched back into place to promote the healing process.
Around 6-9 months are needed for full recovery before implantation may be performed. By that time, the bone will have grown stronger and thicker, allowing for stable osseointegration of the dental implant.
Soft tissue grafting or gum grafting is like bone grafting, but it does not need to be done prior to dental implantation. You can get a gum graft when your gums have receded and the roots of your teeth have become exposed.
Tissue grafting is similar to the bone grafting process, but the gums won’t be pulled away. An incision will be made in the gums where the graft will be sutured into place. The graft may be taken from your palate (roof of the mouth) or from a tissue bank.
Usually the first line of defense against gum disease, scaling and root planing is recommended for patients diagnosed with mild gum disease (gingivitis). The procedure involves two steps. The first one is scaling, which is the removal of plaque, tartar, and bacteria from the gum lining and surrounding tooth material.
Root planing is done after scaling and involves the deeper parts of the tooth. Although similar to pocket reduction, this procedure is not surgical, but it still requires a local anesthetic. The gums are pulled away to expose the tooth roots and a hand-held dental tool will be used to scrape off the tartar, bacteria, and debris from underneath the gums. Root planing smoothes the tooth roots, making it harder for bacteria to stick to the roots and cause infection.
After root planing, the gums will be thoroughly inspected to see if any sign of infection still remains. Before the procedure is finished, an antiseptic formula may be applied inside the gums to prevent reinfection.
Like scaling and root planing, pocket reduction surgery aims to remove all signs of plaque, tartar, and infection from underneath the gums. However, it is more invasive and requires stronger anesthetics to thoroughly eradicate the infection.
In pocket reduction surgery, the gums will be pulled away and regular scaling and root planing will be performed. Another planing procedure may be needed if there are still signs of roughness around the tooth roots.
A disinfectant will be applied to the gums before they are closed back into place. They will be sutured and the stitches will be left to heal for several days. You may be required to use an antiseptic prescription rinse at home to continue the disinfection process.
Here in New Jersey, the number one authority in periodontal care and treatment is Dental Arts of South Jersey. Our expert dentists are highly trained to perform periodontal treatments. One of our dentists, Dr. John Nikas, is a board-certified periodontist who has earned the distinction of Diplomate of the American Board of Periodontology.
If you have any symptoms of poor gum health such as bleeding gums and gum recession, give us a call at (856) 783-5777 or book an appointment using our online form. Our dentists will examine your oral health to determine if you need regenerative treatment.
Most cases of gum disease only show symptoms when the condition is already severe. Don’t wait for that to happen! Call us now and get a complete dental exam so that you will be able to get early treatment for any of your dental problems.